Three Russians and a Ukrainian will face murder charges for the July 2014 downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17.
The aircraft, which was shot down over eastern Ukraine, had all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board killed.
The trial is expected to start in the Netherlands next March, an investigation team said on Wednesday.
Peter Crozier, one of the international investigators, presented the latest findings in the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, nearly five years after the crash that killed all passengers and crew.
The suspects are likely to be tried in absentia, however, as the Netherlands has said Russia has not cooperated with the investigation and is not expected to hand anyone over.
The Dutch-led international team tasked with assigning criminal responsibility for the plane’s destruction named the four suspects as Russians Sergey Dubinsky, Oleg Pulatov and Igor Girkin, and Ukrainian Leonid Kharchenko.
It said international arrest warrants for the four suspects have been issued.
MH17 was shot out of the sky on July 17, 2014, over territory held by pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine as it was flying from Amsterdam to the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur. Everyone on board was killed.
Most of those on board were Dutch. The joint investigation team formed by Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Ukraine found that the plane was shot down by a Russian missile.
In 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin called MH17’s downing a “terrible tragedy”, but said that Moscow was not to blame and that there are other explanations for what happened.
The governments of the Netherlands and Australia have said they hold Russia legally responsible.
Asked if she expected the suspects to attend the trial, Silene Fredriksz, whose son Bryce was on the plane with his girlfriend Daisy, said: “No. No, I don’t think so. But I don’t care. I just want the truth, and this is the truth.”
Moscow has said it does not trust the investigation.
“Russia was unable to take part in the investigation despite expressing an interest right from the start and trying to join it”, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters earlier on Wednesday.
The investigation team said that Girkin was a former FSB colonel, who served as minister of defence of the Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR) in the summer of 2014.
It said that Dubinsky was head of the military intelligence agency of DNR, while Pulatov was head of a second department of the DNR military intelligence agency. Ukrainian national Kharchenko was head of a reconnaissance battalion for the second department, it said.
The team said that it would ask the Russian government to allow it to question the suspects who are currently in Russia. It said Kharchenko was thought to be in Ukraine at the moment.
Prosecutors have previously said that the missile system, which took down the plane was from the Russian 53rd Anti-Aircraft Brigade, based in the western Russian city of Kursk.
The crash was Malaysia Airlines second aircraft loss during 2014 after the disappearance of’Flight 370 on 8 March. (Reuters/NAN)