The fight against Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), which took the better part of year 2020 is still raging, more than nine months after its emergence in the world, with many countries going into second lockdown to check its spread.
It started in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and has since spread worldwide. COVID-19 is an acronym that stands for Coronavirus Disease of 2019, as declared in a World Health Organisation (WHO) press release on Feb. 11, 2020.
Coronaviruses are common human and animal viruses first discovered in domestic poultry in the 1930s. In animals, coronaviruses cause a range of respiratory, gastrointestinal, liver, and neurologic diseases.
However, seven coronaviruses are known to cause serious infection in humans, including the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS-CoV in 2002, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV in 2012 and the current pandemic known as COVID-19 or SARS-CoV2.
In Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) confirmed an index case in Lagos State on Feb. 27, 2020. The case was an Italian citizen who worked in the country and returned from Milan, Italy, on Feb. 25, 2020.
He Italian was confirmed COVID-19 positive by the Virology Laboratory of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, part of the Laboratory Network of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and after the patient was clinically stable, with no serious symptoms, he was managed at the Infectious Disease Hospital in Yaba, Lagos State.
Thereafter, the Federal Government, through the FMoH and NCDC strengthened measures to ensure the outbreak was quickly contained.
The multi-sectoral Coronavirus Preparedness Group, led by the NCDC immediately activated the national Emergency Operations Centre and worked closely with Lagos State health authorities to respond to the case.
The Federal Government also set up a Coronavirus Preparedness Group to mitigate the impact of the virus if it eventually spread across the country as WHO listed Nigeria among 13 African countries identified as high-risk for the spread of the virus.
READ ALSO :Why I didn’t press charges against arrested hoodlums – Oyo senator whose house was looted dry
Leave a Reply