Dr Gbemisola Boyede, Consultant Paediatrician and Founder of Ask The Paediatricians, an NGO, says the delay in diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia can lead to the death of a child.
Boyede disclosed this in an interview with News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja in commemoration of the World
Pneumonia Day, annually celebrated on Nov. 12 to champion the fight and educate the public
on preventive measures and appropriate treatment for the disease.
According to her, pneumonia is a general term for infections of the lungs, with symptoms such as a high fever associated
with chills, cough, very fast and noisy breathing.
Others include vomiting, chest pain, abdominal pain, which often happen because a child is coughing and working hard
Weakness, loss of appetite and bluish or grey colour lips are other symptoms of the disease.
The consultant explained that pneumonia is one of the killer diseases of children under the age of five years,
especially in low and middle-income countries.
“This is often due to late presentation at the hospital for treatment to enable a doctor to examine the child to confirm the diagnosis of pneumonia.
“Delay in diagnosis and treatment is responsible for the high number of deaths from pneumonia, especially in children under five years.
“There is no reason for any child to die of pneumonia. There are well-known preventive strategies,” she said.
The paediatrician, therefore, advised parents to ensure they engaged in exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months
of a child’s life to protect the baby from respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
Boyede also advised that vaccines, well-ventilated rooms, avoidance of air pollution, adequate nourishing meals were necessary to prevent it.