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South Africa to raise VAT for first time in 25 years

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South Africa will increase value added tax ( VAT ) for the first time in over two decades, the Treasury said on Wednesday.

The Finance Minister, Malusi Gigaba, said while presenting the budget plan before parliament that VAT would increase to 15 per cent from 14 per cent effective April 1.

VAT had remained unchanged since 1993.

“This is a tough, but hopeful budget,” Gigaba said.

“We decided that increasing VAT was unavoidable if we are to maintain the integrity of our public finances.”

A VAT hike ran the risk of adding a heavy financial burden on the poor, but Gigaba said poor households would be cushioned through a zero-rating of basic food items such as maize meal and beans.

The Treasury said the budget deficit was seen narrowing to 3.5 per cent of gross domestic product ( GDP ) by 2020 from 4.3 per cent in the 2017/18 fiscal year.

Expert said the increase was President Cyril Ramaphosa’s government aim to cut the budget deficit and stabilise debt after years of slow economic growth.

Ramaphosa took over as leader of South Africa last week after Jacob Zuma stepped down on orders of the ruling African National Congress, bringing to an end nine years of corruption scandals and economic mismanagement.

Zuma has denied all wrongdoing.

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